Archaeological Assessment ‐ Mactung Project

Brian Apland (NWT Archaeologist’s Permit 2007-005)

At the request of EBA Engineering Consultants Ltd., on behalf of North American Tungsten Corporation Ltd., an archaeological assessment of the MacTung Project was conducted between August 12 and 19, 2007. The project is located northwest of Macmillan Pass and straddles the Yukon/Northwest Territories border. The assessment was directed by Brian Apland of Points West Heritage Consulting Ltd. working under authority of Class 2 permits from both the Yukon (Permit #07‐02ASR) and the Northwest Territories (Permit #2007‐005). Brian was assisted by Bob Powell of Points West and Gordon Etzel of the Ross River Dena Council. The objective of the 2007 archaeological assessment was to follow‐up on recommendations of a previous preliminary study conducted by Jean Bussey and Brian Apland in August 2006.

On the Yukon side of the property, the assessment focused on the proposed mill site, landforms to the south and west of the mill site, and portions of the upper tailings pond. All landforms considered to have at moderate or higher archaeological potential were walked, and where ground cover was heavy, subsurface testing was conducted. No archaeological sites were encountered and no further work is recommended in the Yukon portion of the project.

On the Northwest Territories side of the property, the assessment focused on a raised landform between the two tailings dams in the Dale Creek valley, a new access road alignment along the north side of the valley, and an assessment of previously recorded site, KhTg‐1. In addition, the existing access road between the CANOL Road and Dale Creek, and both ends of the existing airstrip at Mile 222 on the CANOL Road were examined. No archaeological sites were encountered along the new access road alignment or on the assessed landforms in the Dale Creek valley, nor within 20 meters of the existing access road or either end of the Mile 222 airstrip. No further work is recommended for these components although the terrace along the Tsichu River does appear to have archaeological potential and should be examined if any work is proposed outside of the currently identified and assessed road alignment.

The assessment of KhTg‐1 involved excavation of five test pits. One possible core noted in the 2006 assessment was recovered, along with one flake from the surface. No other archaeological material was encountered. The site is judged to have low potential for additional archaeological material and no further work is recommended.

(Edited by Shelley Crouch, Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre)