Objects Showcase List

The Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre curates over 217,300 objects from the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. A representative subset of these objects can be found in the sortable and paginated table below.

Accession No.ObjectDescriptionMakerCultureLocationEra
2004.011.001AdzeAn adze made from a modified steel axe head attached to an antler handle. The handle is shaped so that a hand has a good grip.Mangelana, Clarence / 2004
989.094.039AdzeAdze made from a modified steel axe head attached to a wood handle. The handle is shaped so that a hand has a good grip. Collected by RCMP Inspector T.B. Caulkin stationed at Herschel Island.Unknown1924-1927
2014.008.001AdzeA wood-working adze made with a wooden handle and a steel blade probably modified from a small axe head. Strips of animal hide fasten the pieces together.Unknown / c. 1960-1961
986.034.1255AmuletAn amulet made as a tiny ulu with a bone handle and a copper blade. Amulets are intended to bring luck and protect the person wearing them.Unknown / 1500-1800
987.045.002 a-dAnemometerA portable metal anemometer with a rotating vane. Bush pilot Wop May used this hand-held device to measure wind velocity.Jules Richard, Paris, France1930s
977.076.001AwlAn awl with a steel point and a wooden handle that fits comfortably into the palm of a hand. Susie Umaok used this awl for many years.Umaok, Susie / c. 1905-1952
996.008.003AwlAn awl with a steel point and an antler handle. It was collected by Captain Angus Buchanan who notes that an awl is an old implement used for boring holes, especially used in construction of snowshoes.Unknown / 1914
962.001.001BagThe bag is made of loon skin with a cotton lining. The handle is woven porcupine quills backed to caribou hide. The bag was originally owned by George Pinsky, a store owner and fur trader in Fort Resolution. In 1962, Mr. Pinsky described the bag as have being 'made many years ago'.Unknown / 1928-1962
2000.025.001BagA bag made of caribou leg skins and caribou hide. Elizabeth Chocolate says it takes almost a whole day to sew a bag. People use these 'grub' bags while travelling on the land and for keeping 'dry' meat.Chocolate, Elizabeth / 2000
2001.009.001BagA small pocket watch bag made with white caribou hide, and finely embroidered with silk threads and silk fabric trim. Collected by Canon Alfred Vale, Principal of St. Peter's Mission School (Anglican).Unknown / / 1907-1927
2006.003.001BagA game bag made of netted caribou hide babiche, decorated with ribbon appliqué, wool tassels and ochre. Matt Murphy, a trapper in the area east of Great Slave Lake, obtained this bag on his way home to Peace River in 1926.Unknown / c. 1926
2012.013.002BagA bag made from the stomach of a young moose. Traditionally these bags were used for carrying and storing fat and bone grease.Richard Andrew / 2012
979.063.002BagA large bag made of moose hide and beaded with floral designs. This bag was used to carry religious articles, including books and bibles, to church. Collected by Reverend Leonard Holman, Principal of All Saints Residential School.Unknown / 1950s
987.094.002BagA packing bag made of netted caribou hide babiche, decorated with ribbon appliqué and wool tassels. Collected by the Buffum family.Unknown / 1930-1946
989.094.055BagA bag made from many caribou leg skin pieces sewn together. Bags like this were often used for storing dried meat. Collected by Dominion Land Surveyor Guy Blanchet.Unknownc. 1920s
974.008.001Barber’s chairA barber’s chair of wood and metal with a hydraulic lift and padded leather seat. It was used at Eugene Laflamme’s barber shop at the Con Mine recreation hall (1948-1959), and then at Woody Woodrow’s barber shop in downtown Yellowknife (1961-1972).Koken Barber Supply Company, St. Louis, Missouri, USA / c. 1909
996.008.083 a-cBasketA basket of split and coiled spruce root with a fitted lid. Dyed roots make a decorative pattern. The handle is made of moose hide wrapped with spruce root. Collected by Royal Northwest Mounted Police Inspector C.H. West.Unknownc. 1912
996.008.082BasketA shallow basket or tray made of split and coiled spruce root, and goose quills coloured with blue and red dyes. Collected by Royal Northwest Mounted Police Inspector C.H. West.Unknownc. 1912
984.080.001Bison skullPart of a Bison antiquus skull with horn cores. This specimen has been radiocarbon dated to 10,440 +/- 60 BP.10,440 +/- 60 BP
992.006.007BladeA small knife blade made of native copper. It is estimated to date from the early 19th century.Unknown / early 19th C.
2008.034.001BlanketA Hudson’s Bay Company four-point wool blanket owned by George Buffum, a trader for the Northern Traders Ltd. store in Behchokǫ̀ during the 1930s-1940s.Hudson’s Bay Company / c.1934-1940
982.050.480BootA seal skin boot with the fur on the inside. It is made from two pieces of skin sewn together with sinew. This child’s boot is one of the oldest examples of footwear that has been found in the Canadian Arctic. It was collected at the Lagoon Site and is approximately 2,500 years old.2290-2390 BP
996.008.137 a,bBootsA pair of mukluks with moosehide soles, wool fabric leg sections and decorated with bias tape, rick rack, and fur trim. Collected by D.M. Pierce, an employee of the Hudson's Bay Company.Unknownc. 1929
2004.005.020 a,bBootsA pair of knee high mukluks made with caribou leg skins and moose hide soles.Mary Gruben / 1960-1970
987.047.001 a,bBootsA pair of kamiks made of seal skin, in an Alaskan style. The boots are completely lined with muskrat fur and trimmed with fox fur. The decorative piece on the foot is made with caribou skin and strips of coloured leather.Thea Gordon / 1976
994.004.001Bullet mouldA metal bullet mould used for making flat nosed bullets. It was found at the remains of an old campsite on the shore of Snare Lake, near the community of Wekweètì.Winchester Repeating Arms Company, New Haven, Connecticut, USA / Early 1900‘s
973.027.001 aCanoeA canoe of Tlicho design made from birch bark, with bow and stern deck plates to keep waves from splashing inside. It was built by Tlicho Chief Jimmy Bruneau. Consisting of several sections of bark stitched together, these canoes are lashed with spruce root and sealed with spruce gum. In 1996, this canoe was used as a model for a project to document and construct a traditional birch bark canoe.Jimmy Bruneau / c. 1973
983.001.001Caribou callA rattle made with caribou hooves strung on a caribou hide thong. The rattling noise simulates clicking sounds made by caribou hooves when their toes rub together. A rattle was used in winter hunting to attract caribou closer.Philip Mantla / 1983
979.010.072ChairA handmade chair with a wooden frame and a seat of webbed babiche made prior to 1904. This chair is from the Roman Catholic Mission at Old Fort Rae.Unknown / / Early 1900s
2009.006.001CoatA long parka made of commercially tanned seal skin that is trimmed with wolverine fur. The Holman Co-op was established in 1961, and started making seal skin mats, wall hangings, and coats for a developing Inuit arts & crafts industry. This coat is one of their early models.Holman Eskimo Co-operative / 1960s
985.046.184CombA comb made of antler. In the western arctic, finely designed combs may have been worn as adornment.Unknown / 1500-1800
997.010.002 a,bCrooked knifeA knife made of wood, metal and cloth tape. Sometimes called a crooked knife, it is used for many things, escpecially for shaping and paring wood. The blade was probably cut from an old saw blade.Unknown / c. 1940-1960
998.015.001Crosscut sawA saw with a large toothed metal blade and adjustable handles on both ends. This Maple Leaf 170 crosscut saw was taken on hunting trips to the barrenlands by placing it in the bottom of a toboggan to avoid damaging the blade. The two-man saw was used for bucking or cutting logs into sections for building structures and tent platforms.Simonds Saw & Steel Company, Fitchburg, Massachusetts, USA / c. 1890-1940
2014.006.002DollA woman doll wearing Mackenzie Delta style clothing. The doll is both hand sewn and machine sewn.Jessie Amos / 1969
2003.009.001DrumDrum made of scraped caribou skin stretched over a circular wooden frame with babiche lashing around inside & outside circumference. Collected by RCMP Sergeant Frank Cook and Helene Cook.Unknown / c. 1925-1933
X973.002.001 a,bFiddle and bowA handcrafted wooden fiddle and bow.Michel Sikyea / / 1930-1970
2005.011.001Fire balloon fragmentA flattened, irregular-shaped piece of laminated mulberry paper from a World War II Japanese air balloon bomb that was recovered near Hay River in June 1945. The Japanese launched approximately 9,300 of these hydrogen filled balloons in 1944 and 1945, and they were carried in the jet stream to North America. Most balloons carried small bombs and they were intended to cause panic, chaos and start forest fires.Japanese manufacturer / 1945
989.094.027Fish hookFish hook made of ivory with a metal barb. The hook is shaped like a fish and is decorated with a 'circle and dot' pattern. A large blue glass bead is set in one eye.Unknown1900-1920
971.009.001 a-pFur pressA fur press was a standard item at trading posts for compresings furs into bundles prior to shipment. This press was used by the Hudson’s Bay Company at its Yellowknife post in the Old Town.Unknown / c. 1940-1960
980.026.001Gasoline pumpA hand operated gasoline pump used at Weaver & Devore, a general store and trading post in the Old Town.Service Station Equipment Co. Ltd., Toronto / c. 1954-1978
981.057.001 a,bHandcuffsA pair of metal handcuffs owned by John Firth, a Hudson’s Bay Company manager at the Peel River Post. In the late 1800s, John Firth was appointed as the first law enforcement officer in that region. He acted as a Justice of the Peace until the coming of the North-West Mounted Police to Fort McPherson in 1903.Marlin Firearms Company, New Haven, Connecticut, USA / Early 1900s
979.046.001Hard hat, lamp and battery packA fibreglass hard hat with a lamp and battery pack attached. It was worn by mining engineer John H. Parker when he worked at the Rayrock uranium mine which operated from 1957 to 1959.Thomas A. Edison Inc., West Orange, New York, USA / 1950s
979.060.001 bHatA dance hat made with loon skins, caribou skin, and sealskin. There is a loon bill on top of the hat to which an ermine pelts are attached. Collected by HBC Manager Jim Cumming.Kalvak, Helen / c. 1958
979.087.001HatA trapper style hat made of beaver fur with ear flaps and a quilted fabric lining. It was owned and worn by bush pilot, Wilfrid ‘Wop’ May.Unknown1930-1950
977.076.002Hide scraperA hide scraper with metal blade and wooden handle that fits comfortably in the palm of a hand. Used by Susie Umaok for many years.Umaok, Thomas / c. 1905-1952
979.010.035Hide scraperHide scraper made from moose tibia with serrated tip. The scraper was made by participants of ‘Operation Heritage’, a project to make traditional items and to pass knowledge on to younger members of the community.Unknown / 1978
2004.010.002Hide scraperA hide scraper with a wooden handle and a metal blade. The wood was selected from driftwood on the beach and chosen so that the grain of the wood follows the curvature of the handle. The blade is fashioned out of a piece of an old shotgun barrel.Clarence Mangelana, Norman Felix / 2003
979.034.004 a,bIce sawAn ice saw with a long steel blade and a wood and metal handle. This saw was used by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in Fort Providence to cut ice blocks for their winter water supply.Henry Disston and Sons, Toronto, Ontario / c.1910-1940
981.033.001Ice tongsA pair of metal tongs used to haul large blocks of ice from the Mackenzie River to the Fort Good Hope Nursing Station where the ice was stored in a cork-insulated icehouse. The Fort Good Hope Nursing Station was built in 1955 by the federal government.Gifford and Wood Company, Hudson, New York, USA / c. 1950s
985.030.001Ichthyosaur jawUpper and lower jaw (snout) of an ichthyosaur (Maiaspondylus lindoei) with teeth intact. The fossil is from the Loon River Formation on the Hay River and dates to the Lower Cretaceous, about 110 million years ago. Ichthyosaurs were a group of marine reptiles that looked a bit like the modern dolphin.110 million BP
983.012.001JacketA man's jacket made of moose hide, beaded and trimmed with wolverine fur.MacKenzie, Helen / / 1983
979.025.002 aJacketA jacket made of caribou hide and beaded black velvet with hare fur trim. This jacket is patterned after historic 'chief's coats' that combined the European open front with traditional decorative patterns and materials. It was worn by Tlicho Chief Alexis Arrowmaker at the 1975 Treaty Days celebrations.Richardson, Frances / 1975
996.021.001JacketA jacket made with Russian squirrel fur. The fur was reworked from the lining of a velvet coat. The jacket is made in a traditional style for a 2-3 year old child and has been worn by several generations of children.Eleonor McNeill / c. 1924
962.002.003KettleA cast iron tea kettle used at St. Theresa’s Roman Catholic Mission in Tulita. The mission building was built in 1896 and was dismantled in 1962.Unknown / Early 1900s
2008.007.001KimberliteA flat slab with one cut face shows large mantle xenocrysts of olivine set in a fine grained matrix of olivine, phlogopite, monticellite, calcite, serpentine, apitie, spinel, rutile and accessory perovskite. Specimen from Snap Lake Mine, DeBeers Canada.
2005.013.002KnifeA knife with a wooden handle, metal blade and brass rivets. The maker notes that he used this knife for many years for skinning and butchering whales and for preparing muktuk and dry meat.Mangelana, Clarence / 1980s
2005.013.001KnifeA knife made from an old saw blade attached by brass rivets to a hickory wood handle. This type of knife is used for skinning and butchering beluga whales.Mangelana, Clarence / 2005
986.034.335LabretA labret made of wood. In the western arctic, labrets were worn as adornment in cheek and lower lip incisions.Unknown / 1500-1800
979.014.001MaceThe NWT Legislative Assembly mace was constructed by northern artists from northern materials in 1956. Within three years, the mace had started to deteriorate so a replica was made in more durable materials for use in the Legislative Assembly. The original mace was transferred to the Northern Heritage Centre in 1979 for preservation.Various artists / 1955
974.026.001MailboxA metal mailbox used at Weaver & Devore Trading Ltd., a general store and trading post in Yellowknife. They operated a post office for Old Town beginning in 1961.Unknown / c.1960s
X974.013.001Marking hammerA double headed metal hammer or stamp attached to a wooden handle. This stamp, with the initials ‘HBC,’ was used by the Hudson’s Bay Company to mark furs as their own.Ketchum Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Ottawa1950-1975
990.004.001 a,bMedalA medal presented to Father Emile Petitot by the Paris Geographical Society in 1875. Emile Petitot was a member of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate who was well known for his extensive publications on the people, geogrpahy and the natural history of the north.Unknown / 1875
2008.009.001 a-dMittensA pair of mittens that belonged to George Magrum, a trapper around the East Arm of Great Slave Lake from 1929-1963.Unknown / c. 1950s
979.020.001 a,bMoccasinsA pair of hide moccasins with rows of horsehair piping around the edge of the vamp. The foot is made with moose hide and the ankle wrap portion with caribou hide.Hardy, Alice / 1979
X973.025.001MoccasinsMoccasins made from caribou or deer hide in a ankle-wrap style. The moccasins are hand stitched with sinew.Unknown1950-1970
971.002.002 a,bMoccasinsA pair of ankle wrap moccasins made of moose hide and caribou hide. They were worn by the Tsiigehtchic participant in the last leg of the Western Arctic Centennial Dogsled Mail Run, 1970. As part of the Northwest Territories Centennial celebrations, the mail run was made in relays from Fort Smith to Inuvik. The run took place between March 15-April 12,1970.Eliza Andre / c. 1970
982.092.017ParkaChild's parka made of reindeer calfskin sewn with sinew and trimmed with wolverine fur. Collected by Lincoln and Tahoe Washburn.Unknown / 1939
982.092.015ParkaA parka made from arctic ground squirrel (sik-sik) with wolf and wolverine furs in the ruff around the hood. The parka was made for Tahoe Washburn and used by her in 1939-1941.Kaglik, Annie / 1939
982.092.014ParkaA parka made from arctic ground squirrel (sik-sik) with seal skin trim on upper arm and around bottom edge. The parka was made for Lincoln Washburn, a geologist working in the region.Kaglik, Annie / 1939
998.036.001ParkaMan's traditional style hooded caribou skin parka.Quitte, Marie1966
987.008.008ParkaParka made from caribou hide with wolverine fur around the hood. The parka was worn by the daughters of Reverend Tom Murray and Ellen Murray, All Saint's Church (Anglican).Unknown / 1930s
978.007.001ParkaA man’s outer parka made of caribou skin with wolf and wolverine fur trims. The decorative bands are pieced with dark and light caribou skins and with colourful sewing braids.Unknownc. 1950-1978
994.001.001ParkaA parka made from arctic ground squirrel (sik-sik) fur with a large sunburst ruff of wolverine and coyote fur. The decorative geometric trim is pieced with dark and white haired caribou skin. This fancy parka was designed and worn by Agnes Nanogak.Agnes Nanogak Goose / 1992
2013.008.014PatchA machine-embroidered patch made for members of the Giant Mine Curling Club. The club was incorporated in 1947 and was active until the early 1980s. Curling was an important recreation for mine families in the north.Unknown / 1950-1957
2013.020.001PatchA machine-embroidered patch made for members of the Negus Hogans hockey club in Yellowknife. The Hogans were the team sponsored by Negus gold mine, and were the top team in the league from 1948-1951.Crest Craft, Saskatoon / c. 1949-1952
X963.025.001 a,bPhonographEdison Amberola 30 phonographs play wax cylinders and have internal horns or speakers. The horn on this machine has been removed and the box is missing a wooden front grille. The Blue Amberol cylinder on the playing cylinder is #5024 The Rocky Road to Dublin - Reel (Violin) A.SISSON / Thomas A. Edison Patd. This phonograph was used in Detah homes into the 1940s.Thomas A. Edison Inc., Orange, New Jersey, USA / 1915-1920s
982.010.001Pipe bowlA carved stone pipe bowl with a cross hatched design. This style of pipe came from the eastern part of Canada and moved westwards with the fur trade. Pipes like these were often carried by voyageurs. Dene and Métis who frequented southern posts would have traded for these pipes. This pipe bowl was found at one of John Franklin’s campsites from the 1819-1822 expedition.Unknown / c. 1819
2000.011.007 a,bPowder hornA powder horn for carrying gunpowder. Powder horns were made by southern suppliers and came north with the fur trade. This one is made from a cow horn.Unknown / Early 1900s
977.004.001 a-oPrinting pressA foot-powered, hand-feed platen letter press. It was brought to Yellowknife by News of the North publishers for printing posters and small stationary jobs. In 1967 it was acquired by Robert Jenkins, industrial arts teacher at the Yellowknife Public School, so students could learn the basics of graphic arts. Jenkins formed Canarctic Publishing in 1972.Chandler & Price Company, Cleveland, Ohio, USA / c. 1886-1912
981.059.003 aProspector’s kitThis prospector's kit holds bottles and vials of chemicals and assorted paraphenalia to assist in identifying mineral samples. The kit was used by K.J. 'Curly' McDonald, a Yellowknife prospector.K.J. 'Curly' McDonald / c. 1930-1981
2012.005.001 a-cProtective glassesA pair of 19th century protective glasses and their storage tin. These goggles were found by a prospecting party in 1957 while working near the east end of Great Slave Lake.Unknownlate 19th century
977.047.001Reel kitA wood fishing jigger with a cotton string line, a horn plug and an iron hook. It was used for many years by Reverend Thomas Umaok, an Anglican minister.Thomas Umaok / c. 1930-1963
982.069.001Satellite fragmentA steel piece from the Russian nuclear-powered satellite Cosmos 954 that re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere on January 24,1978. Debris was scattered from southern Great Slave Lake, northeast towards Baker Lake.Government of Soviet Union1977
2001.009.005Sewing kitA sewing kit made of caribou and moose hide with metal beads and a bone button. Sometimes called a chatelaine, this kit has a needle holder, a pin cushion, a thimble holder and a sheath for scissors. Collected by Canon Alfred Vale, Principal of St. Peter’s Mission School.Unknown / 1907-1927
981.048.001 a-cShip’s compassCompass used on the Hudson's Bay Company schooner M.S. Aklavik during a 1937 trip to navigate the western half of the Northwest Passage along the Coronation Gulf to Bellot Strait.E.M. Sherman, Seattle, Washington, USAc.1937
980.056.001 a,bShip’s telegraphA brass telegraph from the M.V. Radium Gilbert. A ship's telegraph is used for communication between the bridge of the ship and the engine room. Operated by the Northern Transportation Company Ltd. from 1946 to 1980, the Radium Gilbert transported supplies and cargo to communities on Great Bear Lake and uranium from Eldorado Mine.Jos. Harper & Son Inc., New York, New York, USA1946-1980
978.074.001 a-cShip’s compassA compass used on the Aklavik II, an RCMP supply and patrol vessel that operated in the Mackenzie Delta and Beaufort Sea area in the 1950s and 1960s.E.S. Ritchie & Sons Inc., Massachusetts, USAc. 1925
2003.010.022 a,bSlippersA pair of slippers made of white caribou hide with silk thread embroidery and ermine trim. Collected by RCMP Sergeant Frank Cook and Helene Cook.Unknown / / c. 1925-1933
982.040.467Snow gogglesA pair of wooden snow goggles with the remains of baleen ties. The goggles were collected from a Thule Inuit site on Banks Island.Unknown / c.1200
2014.014.001 a,bSnowmobileA Bosak snow machine, ‘Super M’ model. It was used by employees at Con Mine’s Bluefish Lake Hydro for freighting supplies around camp, 1950s-1960s.Bosak / c.1950s
996.008.059 a,bSnowshoesA finely webbed pair of snowshoes. The frames and crosspieces are stained a reddish colour, probably with ochre. A line of sinew with red and blue glass beads is strung down the centre of the webbing.Unknownc. 1912
2002.008.020 a-dSpeed skatesA pair of leather ‘Viking’ speed skates with metal blades. These were worn by Yellowknife speed skater Glen Skibstad when he won gold and bronze medals at the 1984 and 1986 Arctic Winter Games.J. Havekotte, Amsterdam / 1980s
963.003.001SundialSundial made of lead from the lining of tea chests. The sundial was set up outside the Hudson's Bay Company buildings in Fort Simpson. The inscription reads: "FORT SIMPSON MACKENZIE RIVER; 'S.S. WRIGLEY'. PLACED OCT. 25, 1888; BY CAPT. J. BELL; J.S. CAMSELL, C.F. H.B. COMPANY; REV. DAVID N. KIRKBY, MISSION; A. LAVIOLETTE, H.B.C."Unknown / 1888
989.003.001 a,bSunglassesA pair of sunglasses with a metal frame and tinted glass lenses. These glasses were used by Captain John Hadley and Storker Storkersen, members of the the Canadian Arctic Expedition (1913-1918).Unknownc. 1913
2014.001.001SweaterA school sweater worn by students at the Yellowknife Public School.Cloverdale Knitting Mills, Edmonton / c. 1950s
998.026.001 a-jTransit and caseSmall transits like this were carried into the field to make precision observations and sightings. This E.R. Watts & Sons unit was used by John Anderson-Thomson, an engineer and Dominion land surveyor in the NWT for 38 years (1944-1982).E.R. Watts & Son, London, England / c. 1915
2005.013.003UluAn ulu or knife with a steel blade, a brass tang and a wooden handle. Raymond Mangelana made this for his wife, Sarah. It was an item in her household for over 40 years and used to cut whales, fish, caribou, geese and seals, and for fleshing hides.Mangelana, Raymond / 1960s
2003.009.007ValanceA shelf valence made of black velvet with floral beadwork. Collected by RCMP Sergeant Frank Cook and Helene Cook.Unknown / / c. 1925-1933
X973.028.001Wall pocketA pocketed wall hanging made of black velvet with beaded inscription ‘1959 Yellowknife’.Unknown / 1959
988.021.001 a-cWashing machineA hand powered washing machine with gear mechanism, handle and a barrel shaped tub. The machine was owned by Marie-Celine Bouvier, who did laundry for the the Royal Candian Signal Corps, the US Signal Corps and the RCMP.Washington Washer Co. Ltd / 1940s
2010.012.036 a-iWeighing scaleA weighing scale used at Colville Lake’s trading post operated by W.J. McNeely and Charlie Masazumi between 1961-1968.Burrow, Stewart & Milne Company Limited / c. 1961-1968
970.006.001Wood stoveThis steel and cast iron BC Camp Stove was collected from a small cabin where John Hornby and his two companions, Edgar Christian and Harold Adlard, starved to death in 1927. Christian’s diary was found inside the stove by the RCMP in 1929.McClary Manufacturing Company, London, Canada / c. 1925